Pollock Family Heraldry
The Pollocks are of Scotch-Irish descent. A very thorough article detailing the migration of the Scotch-Irish from Scotland to Ireland and ultimately to the United States can be found at the web site for The Gathering of the Clans. The name of the article is The Plantation of Ireland: Who are the Scotch-Irish (Ulster-Scots)? by Brian Orr. According to Mr. Orr, Scotch-Irish is an American title; they are known elsewhere as the Ulster Scots who emigrated to America in the 18th and 19th centuries seeking freedom from religious intolerance. The Ulster Scots played a large part in settling the mid-America wilderness1, and many fought in the American Revolution2.
Pollock badge is a boar passant pierced by an arrow.
The Crest and Motto have been associated with various members of the Clan since approximately 1200. Robert de Polloc circa 1208 A.D. used the boar passant on his personal seal. The heraldic symbolism of the boar is "a symbol of bravery, one who fights to the death."3 The boar's head by itself is a symbol of hospitality. The following is a story passed down explaining the boar on the badge. The boar passant reflects an experience that happened when one of the Pollock Chieftains was hunting the wild boar in the Royal forest with the King. The boar was rushing the King when an arrow from the Pollock chief struck and killed the boar, thus saving the King. The King knighted the archer for his bold and timely assistance.4
There are three "Patron Saints" of Clan Pollock: St. Andrew, St. Mirin and St. Mungo. Pollock Clan Society celebrates the Feast of St. Andrew on November 30th, St. Mungo on January 14th and St. Mirin on September 15th. St. Andrew is the Patron Saint of all Scotland. St. Mungo was an apostle and bishop of the early Celtic Church. His mother was a pagan who married a Christian. Her father disowned her. St. Mungo was born on the shore near Culross which is still marked by the remains of St. Mungo's Chapel. St. Mungo died on January 13, 603 A.D. St. Mirin's church was established in 560 A.D. in Paisley on the White Cart River; St. Mungo's kirk in Glasgow was built in the 12th century and still stands today.
Clan Pollock adopted its own tartan and registered it with the Scottish Tartan Society in 19804. Clan Pollock is a sept of the Clan Maxwell, and members can choose to wear the Maxwell tartan5 as an alternative.
The Web sites for both Clan Pollock - Texas Region and Clan Pollock have extensive information on the history of the Pollock family. Further information is also given regarding the Pollock Castle in Scotland.
1 Pogue, Lloyd Welch. Pogue/Pollock/Polk Genealogy As Mirrored in History, From Scotland to Northern Ireland/Ulster, Ohio, and Westward. Baltimore: Gateway Press, Inc., 1990.
2 Daniel Bertine Stewart, 1762-1858, of Litchfield, CT is considered to be the youngest full-time soldier of the American Revolution. He enlisted at the age of 15 and served for five full years in several different commands.
3 Clan Pollock. http://www.tartans.com/clans/Pollock/pollock.html
4 Pollock, Rhys. Clan Pollock Newsletter. Volume 1, No. 2; 1980.
5 Clan Maxwell. http://www.tartans.com/clans/Maxwell/maxwell.html